Have you been looking for a really simple guide for your bearded dragon lighting setup? There is so much confusing info out there, and you just wanted a simple answer, right?
Well, you will hopefully find this to be one of the simplest guides with answers to the common questions.
First of all, we will look at how to setup your bearded dragon’s lighting. Then we will identify the best lighting options for your beardie.
Then right at the end, there are some answers to some of the most common questions.
Simply put, your beardie’s tank should have:
You’ll also need the appropriate fixtures to go along with these. Don’t worry, this guide has you covered on that front too!
So let’s see how to set up your beardie’s lights.
Make sure you set up your bearded dragon habitat so that there are at least three distinct separate areas:
Having these three zones is key to a healthy and happy beardie.
Keep the light turned on for about twelve hours per day. During the winter months, you may reduce it to eight.
Remember, the key here is imitating a natural habitat, so common sense is critical.
How hot you should make the basking spot is dependent on the age of your bearded dragon. (All temperatures are in Fahrenheit).
For those over twelve months, 95 to 100 degrees is appropriate.
For juvenile lizards between 3 and 11 months, you can set your basking light to between 100 and 105 degrees.
Finally, for beardies younger than three months, 105 to 110 degrees is safe.
Keep an eye out for the (Recommended) tag, these are the top products on the market for your beardie right now.
One of the best types of heat lamps is a mercury vapor bulb. These bulbs emit strong heatwaves to keep your beardie warm whilst providing essential UVB light at the same time.
They last for a long time (sometimes longer than your average fluorescent bulbs) and have been known to improve overall health as well as appetite in your beardie.
Whilst a mercury vapor bulb will supply UVB light to your bearded dragon, it is not enough on its own and it won’t cover the entire tank with UVB light
. It is essential that your beardie receives an ample amount of UVB light to prevent skin-related diseases such as mouth rot or tail rot.
A highly recommended UVA and UVB bulb is the Reptisun UVB strip light. It is great because it covers the majority of the tank to ensure your beardie is getting the UVB light which it needs.
When positioning your lamp, don’t block the rays with any of the following:
Studies show blocking UVB rays, even with a transparent sheet, can significantly reduce effectiveness.
If you can’t get the right temperature in the tank then try finding a bulb with a higher power (more watts) or you could position the lamp so that it is closer to your beardie’s basking area.
If you live in an area where temperatures are pretty cold at night, you may need to add one extra device and that is a ceramic heat emitter.
This means that you can generate heat for your beardie but not keep them awake at night.
Once you’ve set up your bearded dragon habitat with proper lighting and heat, you’ll need to monitor temperatures within the tank. Hand-held infrared thermometers are incredibly useful for spot-checking different areas of the habitat.
Now that we have identified the best products, let’s take a look at how to set these up.
Ensuring that your beardie’s core temperature is kept high enough is essential for its health.
A beardie that is too cold will become lethargic, and its body’s metabolism will slow down.
Your beardie’s skin may become too soft as well, as heat and light help with scale health. Over time, a cold beardie could result in fatality.
During night-time, you may think you need to leave some of these instruments switched on.
However, your bearded dragon does not require a lighting or heat element setup during the night.
In the wild, there is no light at night, so it makes sense that your pet’s habitat mimics this environment.
Some bearded dragon lighting setup kits come with a red light bulb. The simple answer to the question is, no you do not need a red lamp at all.
The habitat you are creating for your beardie should be as close to its original environment (the Australian desert) and there are no red lights out there.
If you have a red bulb then you need to get that switched out for the setup above.
Other than nutrition and food, the lighting setup that you choose to implement in your bearded dragon terrarium will be the most crucial aspect of keeping your beardie happy and healthy.
Cold-blooded reptiles do not survive unless they have access to a lot of light and an ample amount of heat during the day.
If your bearded dragon seems more sluggish and lethargic than usual, or if there are changes to its eating habits, then you may want to take another look at your lighting setup.
A beardie that does not have an adequately lit living environment is also more prone to diseases and infections.
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