How to Cure a Bearded Dragon Eye Infection
It is important to regularly check your bearded dragon for problems and inconsistencies, one of these things to check is that it is not suffering from an eye infection.
Signs of an Eye Infection
Knowing if your bearded dragon has an eye infection can be difficult unless you know the signs. There are two main indicators to be aware of.
Firstly, if there is a liquid discharge around the eye that isn’t normally there, then this can be an indicator that the eye is trying to flush out whatever has caused the irritation/infection.
Secondly, if your beardie’s eye remains shut this can be an indicator that it is in pain. Usually, this can occur if there are particles in the eye which are causing it to become irritated.
Or it may be that the eye has become fused through the drying of the liquid discharge.
1. Substrate Problems
Certain substrates present a higher risk of your bearded dragon getting an eye infection.
If you are using a loose particle substrate and your beardie is not opening their eyes, it could be because a piece of the substrate scratched the corner of the socket.
If your beardie is regularly suffering from this you may want to move away from a particle substrate to a non-particle substrate.
You can find some of the best and safest substrates for bearded dragons right here.
2. Vitamin A Deficiency
Vitamin A has three key roles within a bearded dragon:
Bearded dragons will naturally consume Vitamin A from the food that it eats, however, if your beardie does not consume enough Vitamin A, then the risk of eye infection can increase.
Equally though, too much Vitamin A can cause bone disorders, so a balance must be found. It is incredibly difficult to overdose on Vitamin A from plant sources alone.
3. Poor Hygiene
Improper and irregular hygiene will allow the build-up of bacteria and disease within the habitat of your bearded dragon.
Ensure you regularly remove waste from within the tank and take out any dead crickets or remanence of shed skin.
Remember that just like humans, beardies need a chance to wash their entire bodies, which includes the eyes so providing regular baths for your beardie is important.
You can find out some tips on how to bath a bearded dragon here.
When a beardie becomes dehydrated, a beardie’s body looks to preserve fluids wherever it can. The eye is lubricated by fluids which, when dehydrated, are not replaced.
This leads to the eyes becoming very dry and sore which can often cause minor scratches where particles are not flushed out.
If your beardie is showing the signs of dehydration, then use a syringe, filled with water, to add droplets into your pet’s mouth.
You can find out more about how to cure dehydration here.
1. Provide a Hygienic Tank
If your bearded dragon has an eye infection then the first thing you need to do is remove any present risk of bacteria within the tank.
This means giving it a good clean to do this you are going to want a few tank cleaning products, here are two ‘must-have’ items to take on this task.
Use Tank Scrubbing Wipes
These scrubbing wipes can be used whilst your beardie is showing signs of an eye infection. They are specially designed to also remove any bad odors.
Even once the eye infection has been cured, it is a good idea to use these as part of your normal routine.
Use a ‘Beardie-Safe’ Tank Cleaner
When performing a deep clean of your beardie’s terrarium, you are going to want to wipe down anything which has been in contact with your beardie.
This will include:
You can not just use a standard cleaning product though.
Standard cleaning products contain certain chemicals that can be harmful for beardies. Instead, look to use a beardie safe tank cleaner such as Zoo Med’s Wipe Out.
2. Switch to a Non-Particle Substrate
There are positives and negatives when it comes to using a particle substrate within your beardie’s enclosure.
If your bearded dragon is prone to eye problems or is currently fighting off an eye infection, then it would be wise to switch out the particle substrate for a non-particle one.
This terrarium liner by Zilla is a good choice if your beardie has an eye infection. It is easy to clean and has no particles which can get lodged into your beardie’s eyes.
3. Provide Regular Baths
Now that your beardie’s habitat is all clean, you are going to want to make sure that your beardie is clean too. One key thing to note however is that not all tap water is safe for bearded dragons.
Whilst safe to humans, there are some substances in tap water that are potentially dangerous for bearded dragons.
Reptisafe Water Conditioner will remove the harmful properties within the water whilst also adding electrolytes and ions. These will assist with your beardie’s hydration.
4. Natural Increase in Vitamin A
As previously mentioned, Vitamin A is important for a bearded dragon, however too much can also prove harmful to your beardie’s bones.
Due to this, you should avoid any supplements which offer additional Vitamin A. Instead, provide a natural source of Beta-Carotene as this can be converted into Vitamin A as and when your beardie requires.
Natural food types which contain Beta-Carotene include:
So just offer carrots in small moderations and primarily as a treat.
Overall, a bearded dragon’s eye infection can range from routine to serious. There are a variety of preventative measures that you can take to avoid the problem.
There are also some home-based cures that will help treat your bearded dragon eye infection.
Watch for signs such as
As with all health issues which arise, the first port of call should always be your vet.
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